Models of snow processes in areas of possible large-scale change need to be site independent and physically based. Here, the accumulation and ablation of the seasonal snow cover beneath a fir canopy has been simulated with a new physically based snow–soil vegetation–atmosphere transfer scheme (Snow-SVAT) called SNOWCAN. The model was formulated by coupling a canopy optical and thermal radiation model to a physically based multilayer snow model. Simple representations of other forest effects were included. These include the reduction of wind speed and hence turbulent transfer beneath the canopy, sublimation of intercepted snow, and deposition of debris on the surface. This paper tests this new modeling approach fully at a fir site within Reynolds Creek Experimental Watershed, Idaho. Model parameters were determined at an open site and subsequently applied to the fir site. SNOWCAN was evaluated using measurements of snow depth, subcanopy solar and thermal radiation, and snowpack profiles of temperature, density, and grain size. Simulations showed good agreement with observations (e.g., fir site snow depth was estimated over the season with r2 = 0.96), generally to within measurement error. However, the simulated temperature profiles were less accurate after a melt–freeze event, when the temperature discrepancy resulted from underestimation of the rate of liquid water flow and/or the rate of refreeze. This indicates both that the general modeling approach is applicable and that a still more complete representation of liquid water in the snowpack will be important.
The survey covers 2 000km2 of 3D seismic offshore Colombia on Ecopetrol’s Block COL-5 and will be acquired by the SW Amundsen equipped with Isometrix multisensor streamer technology Image: Shearwater experiences increased activity in Latin America. Photo courtesy of Shearwater GeoServices. Shearwater GeoServices Holding AS (“Shearwater”) is pleased to announce the award of a 3D Isometrix seismic survey by Colombia’s Ecopetrol S.A. It will be the first Isometrix survey in Latin America with marine acquisition starting in Q4 2019.The survey covers 2 000 sq. km of 3D seismic offshore Colombia on Ecopetrol’s Block COL-5 and will acquired by the SW Amundsen equipped with Isometrix multisensor streamer technology. Isometrix streamer technology is a true 3D multisensor system that can record the full seismic wavefield enabling better receiver deghosting and improved seismic images. The survey is expected to take 1.5 months to complete.“We continue to deliver on our strategy to expand our presence in Latin America. A cornerstone of that strategy is to leverage Shearwater’s unique technology such as our market-leading multisensor streamer solution,” said Irene Waage Basili, the CEO of Shearwater GeoServices. “We are very pleased with the award by Ecopetrol which will be our first survey in Colombia, the first project for a new leading regional customer, and the first-ever Latin American Isometrix project.”Shearwater experiences increased activity in Latin America and has established a new Colombian branch to support this coming operation. This follows the recent opening of a branch office in Brazil to support Shearwater’s growth in the region.
FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail The Indiana State Police Forensic Scientist of the Year Award is presented annually to a Forensic Scientist within the Laboratory Division deemed to have consistently provided a superior quality forensic analysis service in a highly professional, proficient and unbiased manner for the Indiana Criminal Justice Community.Forensic Scientist Melissa Oberg’s accomplishments in 2015 are worthy of such recognition and have earned her this award. The 2015 award was recently presented to Oberg and the below information outlines her outstanding work that resulted in this acknowledgement.In 2015, Forensic Firearms Identification Unit Forensic Scientist Melissa Oberg completed 269 cases involving 1,698 laboratory examinations. During these examinations she performed 1,160 microscopic comparisons, which exceeded the Forensic Firearms Identification Unit average of 773 comparisons. Her case turnaround time from date of submission to completion was 82 days, which was below the Forensic Firearms Identification Unit average of 91 days. Mrs. Oberg produced results of the highest quality and successfully completed all proficiency and competency testing. She volunteered to work 11 rush cases and 5 police-action shootings, and she completed 129 technical and administrative reviews of other analysts’ and supervisors’ casework.In 2015, Forensic Scientist Oberg assisted the Forensic Firearms Identification Unit to branch out into Field Support. After completing a Shooting Scene Reconstruction School, she was instrumental in the establishment of proper field documentation protocols that changed how laboratory forensic scientists provide field services in order to better assist local and Indiana State Police Crime Scene Investigators.In addition, Forensic Scientist Oberg was assigned as the lead trainer in educating a new employee in the field of Firearms Identification. She coordinated the training with the National Firearm Examiners Academy, was solely responsible for this individuals training locally, and is now subsequently reviewing the analytical examinations of this new employee’s casework. This assignment took a considerable amount of time, research, and coordination to complete in a successful manner.Forensic Scientist Oberg is a member of the Association of Firearm and Toolmark Examiners (AFTE) Board of Directors, and she also serves as the AFTE treasurer. AFTE is an international association with worldwide membership. She regularly interacts with the AFTE members by handling payments, bills, and answering questions. She handles inquiries involving the AFTE Journal and is a voting member of the Board of Directors. In addition, she sits on the Professional Investors Committee for AFTE, which involves decisions regarding a scholarship endowment and areas in which AFTE invests its assets. In short, Forensic Scientist Oberg is responsible for the day-to-day fiscal operation of this Association, whose assets total nearly $700,000.Forensic Scientist Oberg has an undergraduate degree in Chemistry from St. Joseph College where she was also a collegiate athlete, playing on the tennis team. She started employment with the Indiana State Police Laboratory Division in January 2006 at the Lowell Regional Laboratory as a member of the Drug Unit. In November 2006, she was hired as one of the first civilian Firearms Examiners assigned to the Forensic Firearms Identification Unit in the Laboratory Division. She is also a certified Fellow by the American Board of Criminalistics and is certified by the Association of Firearm and Toolmark Examiners in the area of Firearms Identification.Melissa resides with her husband Chris in Indianapolis.
Carl BernsteinThe Ocean City Free Public Library Board of Directors and the Friends of the Ocean City Free Public Library proudly present the Author’s Luncheon at 11:30 a.m. Oct. 9 at the Historic Flanders Hotel. Guest Speaker will be Carl Bernstein, author and Pulitzer Prize winner. Tickets are still available. Call Rose Marie at 609-391-1198. Ticket sales will end September 28. For more information: http://fvocfpl.wordpress.comCost per ticket is $35 with a limit of 10 tickets per person.Bernstein is the Washington Post journalist who worked with Bob Woodward to report on the Watergate scandal in the 1970s.
British Bakels managing director Paul Morrow has been elected as the new Master of The Worshipful Company of Bakers.Morrow took up the role at The Worshipful Company’s annual election dinner, held in London’s Mansion House on Monday (26 November). He replaces His Honour Stephen Kramer QC.In his acceptance speech, Morrow said one of his objectives for his year as Master would be to ensure the Worshipful Company was relevant to the baking trade, primarily through involvement in supporting bakery education. He will also represent The Worshipful Company at trade functions throughout the year.Born in Northern Ireland, Morrow graduated from the University of Leeds with a combined Honours degree in Biochemistry and Microbiology.Initially working in the dairy industry at United Dairies London, Morrow’s involvement with baking began in 1984 when he joined British Fermentation Products, parent Company of BFP Wholesale, as national sales distribution manager.He was later promoted to sales and marketing director, where he oversaw the roll-out of cream yeast and other products that are still in the market, such as Energie bread improver.He left BFP to join British Bakels as managing director in 1994 and, in 2009 was appointed to the management board of the Bakels Group as technical and purchasing director.Morrow has also been chairman of the British Society of Baking, president of the Alliance for Bakery Students and Trainees, and UK representative on the EU bakery ingredients trade association FEDIMA.
University of GeorgiaIt can be mind-boggling trying to keep up with all the new production practices, products and plants in nursery, greenhouse and landscape businesses. Fortunately, there’s always the Georgia-Florida Green Industry Updates.The 2005 updates for nursery, greenhouse and landscape professionals will be Oct. 11 in Cairo, Ga., Oct. 18 in Jacksonville, Fla., and Oct. 19 in Quincy, Fla. These programs will provide the latest information on a range of important topics.The programs are provided by the University of Georgia and University of Florida state and county faculties. The Cairo program will focus on nursery and greenhouse topics. The Jacksonville and Quincy programs are geared for professional landscape managers and workers. Each program will offer pesticide recertification credits.The $40 fee for each program ($45 after Oct. 1) covers the instruction, handouts, refreshment breaks and lunch. You can get a registration form or sign up on-line at www.ugatiftonconference.org.
Categories: Letters to the Editor, Opinion After hearing the latest torrent of political opinion proffered by so-called “entertainers” from various social and ethnic backgrounds at the Oscars, a thought comes to mind: “Where there is no diversity of thought, there is no diversity.”Or as someone else once put it: “Where everyone thinks alike, no one thinks at all.”MICHAEL NARDACCIAlbanyMore from The Daily Gazette:Foss: Should main downtown branch of the Schenectady County Public Library reopen?Feds: Albany man sentenced for role in romance scamEDITORIAL: Urgent: Today is the last day to complete the censusEDITORIAL: Thruway tax unfair to working motoristsEDITORIAL: Beware of voter intimidation
‘People need hope’ Earlier in the day, Keir Starmer, the new leader of the opposition Labor Party, said it would support any government decision to extend the social distancing orders. However, Starmer, who was elected Labor leader earlier this month, called on ministers to explain within a week their plan for easing restrictions, both to reassure the public and to give lawmakers time scrutinize it properly.”People need hope, they need to know there’s light at the end of the tunnel,” Starmer told BBC radio.In a letter to the government, he also warned: “We cannot repeat mistakes that have already been made on testing and access to protective equipment.”Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Conservative government has been criticized for not introducing the lockdown earlier, and for failing to properly prepare for the outbreak.Medical staff and care homes still complain of a lack of protective equipment, while testing for coronavirus remains limited.The government has promised 100,000 tests a day by the end of the month, but Starmer noted it was only at about 15,000 a day now.”If [mass] testing is part of the answer, then we now know that plans need to be in place to ramp up testing,” he said.Starmer formally set out his request in a letter to Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab, who is deputizing for Johnson while the prime minister recovers from his own bout of coronavirus.”This lockdown is not affecting people equally. In fact, it has exacerbated existing inequalities in our country,” Starmer wrote.”A family living in an overcrowded flat will have particular challenges. And it is hard to imagine the daily horror of someone trapped in a home with his or her abuser.”He asked Raab to set out clearly what criteria the government will use to inform the decision on how to ease the lockdown, and which economic sectors might be first to benefit.However, a government source said it was too soon, saying: “Talk of an exit strategy before we have reached the peak risks confusing the critical message that people need to stay at home.” England’s chief medical officer said on Wednesday he believed the UK coronavirus death toll, which now stands at almost 13,000, was approaching its peak but warned of grim figures to follow in the next 24 hours.”On the issue of the peak, our view is that it is probably reaching the peak overall and that is what the flattening shows,” Professor Chris Whitty said at a daily government crisis news briefing when asked about the number of people losing their life.But any optimism was tinged with the prospect that high fatality numbers “will continue”, Whitty said, confirming Britain as one of the worst affected countries by the global pandemic. Whitty’s comments came ahead of a government decision, expected on Thursday, to extend the lockdown and renew a stay-at-home order imposed three weeks ago to stem the spread of COVID-19.The government has come under increasing pressure in recent days over the death toll as charities and others said it did not reveal the true scale of the number of fatalities in British care homes.Health Secretary Matt Hancock announced on Wednesday, at the same briefing, that people with relatives in care homes would be given the “right to say goodbye” if they were gravely ill with the virus. “I think it’s important, and I am saying this because new data will come out presumably tomorrow. My expectation would be that the number of deaths may well go up.”Figures announced by the health ministry earlier Wednesday showed that 12,868 people in hospital have died from the coronavirus, a rise of 761 on the previous day. That was slightly down from the 778 fatalities recorded on Tuesday but noticeably lower than a high of 980 deaths declared last Friday.The number of people who have tested positive for COVID-19 in the UK has now reached 98,476. Topics :
The kiwi fell by 1 percent on Thursday to $0.6577 and both Antipodeans sat just above their troughs on Friday. The Norwegian krone is nursing a 2.4 percent loss this week.The euro fell 0.3 percent against the dollar overnight and has lost about 1 percent for the week so far as worries gather. The US dollar has gained 0.8 percent against a basket of currencies so far this week, its largest weekly rise since late September.Dollar demand pushed even the safe-haven yen lower on Thursday, though the Japanese currency is up 0.2 percent for the week. The yen was last steady at 105.38 per dollar.The lockdown worries driving the selloff come as hopes for US stimulus before the Nov. 3 election fade and as data shows cracks emerging in the recovery.Weekly US jobless claims rose by more than expected and hit a two-month high last week, increasing concerns the pandemic is causing lasting damage to the labor market. Some 25 million Americans are on jobless benefits.“The data is consistent with the idea that the spread of COVID-19 and removal of fiscal stimulus have seen a stalling of the economic recovery,” said NAB FX strategist Rodrigo Catril.Stimulus plans, meanwhile, are bogged down in a three-way negotiation between the White House, Senate Republicans and House Democrats.President Donald Trump said on Thursday that he was willing to raise his offer of $1.8 trillion for a COVID-19 relief deal, but the idea was nixed by Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.Sterling was also heavily sold overnight, dropping more than 0.8 percent to $1.2891 on concerns about the obstacles keeping the European Union and Britain from reaching a Brexit trade deal. Sterling was last at $1.2902.The European Union has put the onus on Britain to compromise on their new economic partnership or stand ready for trade disruptions in less than 80 days.British Prime Minister Boris Johnson will respond and set out his approach to the talks on Friday.Topics : The dollar was headed for its best week of the month on Friday, as surging coronavirus cases and stalled progress toward United States stimulus had nervous investors seeking safe assets.As fresh curbs to combat COVID-19 were introduced in Europe and Britain, the world’s reserve currency surged to a two-week high of 93.910 against a basket of currencies. It held just below that peak in Asian morning trade.London enters a tighter COVID-19 lockdown from midnight, which with a curfew in Paris leaves two of Europe’s largest cities living under state-imposed restrictions. The US Midwest is also battling record surges in new cases as temperatures get colder, prompting authorities to set up a field hospital in the suburbs of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in case of an overflow of patients from hospital wards.“Markets fear a slowdown in activity as new virus cases rise,” ANZ bank analysts Susan Kilsby and David Croy said in a note.“The deterioration is evident everywhere across Europe, which is a major blow to the recovery’s momentum and reinforces deflationary risks.”Risk sensitive currencies were hit hardest, with the Australian dollar dropping almost 1 percent on Thursday to a more than two week low of US$0.7057. It has lost 2 percent for the week, weighed also by a dovish central bank speech.