Facebook8Tweet0Pin0My name is Abby, I am 6 ½ years old, and I love everyone and everything! I enjoy walks, car rides, playing in the play yards with other dogs & volunteers! I also like kids and cats. I am currently looking for a family that is willing to work with some of my environmental, climate, food allergies. I must find a family or person who lives in a warmer climate, either east of the mountains, or south. This climate would be ideal for me, and I would no longer suffer from the allergies. I am a yellow lab and will make the perfect companion and family member for years to come. I hope to meet you soon! Paws crossed and waiting!Adopt-A-Pet has many great dogs and always need volunteers. To see all our current dogs, visit www.adoptapet-wa.org, Facebook at “Adopt-A-Pet of Shelton Washington” or at the shelter on Jensen Road. For more information, email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call the shelter at 360-432-3091.
The Liberia Female Law Enforcement Association (LIFEA) has strongly condemned the alleged mal-handling, insulting and physical assault mounted against traffic female police officer, Beauty A. Mulbah.Speaking to newsmen Thursday, September 25, LIFEA media consultant Lawrence M. Fahnbulleh, said it was very sad for and Assistant Minister to assault officer Mulbah while discharging her national duty.Fahnbulleh stated that while the government is encouraging the recruitment and involvement of females in the security sector, the act by the assistant minister has the propensity to undermine this effort.“We do not need any form of assault on any officers, including male in order to encourage more people. We must continue to encourage people who are helping to protect lives and properties.”He lauded the Liberia National Police (LNP) for the timely investigation into the matter.Assistant Min. Krah, according to the police, assaulted the traffic officer when she requested the documents of the vehicle he was operating, “at which time he refused on grounds that he was rushing for a meeting.”LIFEA is calling on the Ministry of Gender and Development, the Female Lawyers Association of Liberia and all meaning Liberians to join not only condemning but to leave no stone unturned in pursing this matter to its logical conclusion. The incident which occurred at the intersection of Board and Buchanan Streets in Monrovia, Tuesday, September 23, drew several onlookers as the Asst. Minister Krah was heard shouting that “noting will come out of his action,” according to the police.Meanwhile, the police said, Asst. Min. Krah told police investigators that he regretted his action and pleaded for mercy, stressing that he was misled by the devil to flog the officer.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Former House Speaker Alex Tyler, together with several present and past public officials, including Senator Varney Sherman (Grand Cape Mount County), will go on trial Friday, February 17, at the Criminal Court ‘C.’The defendants will on Friday appear before Judge Yarmie Quiqui Gbeisay, where they will choose if their fate will be decided by a jury or a judge. They are being tried for multiple crimes, including bribery, economic sabotage and money laundering.Tyler and Sherman were indicted on separate dates in May and November 2016 in connection with a wide-range of bribery scandals that involved seven other defendants, including Sable Mining, a company operating on the Alternative Investment Market in London, Great Britain, and a major shareholder inDelta Mining Consolidated Limited ((DMC), a South African Company that was operating in the country; Chris Onanuga, a Nigerian businessman; Eugene Shannon, former Minister of Lands, Mines and Energy (MLME). Others are his deputy Ernest C.B, Jones Morris Saytumah, former Minister of State forFinance, Economic and Legal Affairs in the office of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, and now Senator of Bomi County.Others indicted were Willie Belleh, former chairman of the Public Procurement Concession Commission (PPCC), and Richard Tolbert, former chairman of the National Investment Commission (NIC).They are accused of taking kickbacks from Sable Mining, which is also indicted to face trial either in the UK or South Africa, according to Cllr. Jonathan Fonati Koffa, head of the SPTF.According to the indictment, Sherman, who was then the Liberian lawyer for Sable Mining, allegedly accepted over US$950,000 from the company between 2010 and 2011 to bribe the codefendants to award the Wologizi Mountain without going through any public bidding. They were to avoid the public bidding process by inserting a provision in the revised PPCC Act of 2010, which was on its way to the National Legislature, to give the Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy the power to declare a concession area a non-bidding zone.The prosecution alleged that Sherman also gave US$75,000 to then Speaker Tyler to enhance the smooth passage of the Act containing the provision for the MLME to have the power to declare a concession area a non-bidding area. They also claimed that Sherman masterminded a scheme where two senior staff of Sable, Andrew Groves and Klaus Piprek, bribed Shannon and Jones with US$250,000 each for the speedy passage of the Act.Defendant Saytumah, the prosecution claimed, received US$5,000, to write a letter on April 6, 2011 and had it backdated to April 2009, as consultancy fee.For Belleh and Tolbert, prosecutors further alleged they received US$10,000 and US$50,000 respectively as consultancy fees to change the Act. Their case stemmed from the Global Witness allegation that they took bribes totalling US$950,000 from Sable Mining, a UK based company, to influence the change of the Public Procurement Concession Commission (PPCC) Act and make a provision for the Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy (MLME) to have power to declare a concession area a non-bidding area.Their action to change the Act, according to the Special Presidential Taskforce (SPTF) setup to prosecute the accused, was contrary to the best practice of entertaining public bidding, so as to enhance the ease of awarding a concession agreement to Sable Miming for the operation of Wologizi Mountain in Lofa County.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Minister of Finance and Development Planning, Boima Kamara – Advertisement – A high-level statutory conference of the Committees of the Ministers of Finance, Governors of Central Banks and the College of Supervisors of the West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ) is slated to take place in Monrovia from July 27-August 4.The Ministry of Finance and Development Planning (MFDP) release said the statutory meeting will provide member countries the opportunity to review their activities under the (WAMZ) program, share member country experiences and decide on the way forward, and the transition of the West African Monetary Institute (WAMI) into the WAMZ CommissionParticipants at the statutory meetings will make several presentations focusing on convergence reports, policy issues with highlights on reports of experts committee meetings on the WAMZ commission, vulnerability of WAMZ economies and the impact on the convergence process, managing commodity price shocks in the WAMZ, and the roles of monetary and fiscal policies.The release noted that presentations will also be made on financial integration issues, focusing on progress report on capital market integration and SWIFT Regional Platform, partnership, as well as trade, administrative and legal issues.CBL Executive Governor, Milton WeeksThe WAMZ statutory meetings are bi-annual events convened by WAMI and hosted by member states of WAMZ on a rotational basis.The release further indicated that at the close of the statutory meeting, reports will be compiled for review and consideration by the Committee of Governors for subsequent consideration by the Convergence of Council of Ministers and Central Bank Governors.The Authority of the Heads of State and Governments of WAMZ, Convergence Council of Ministers and Governors, which includes the Ministers of Finance, Trade, Integration, Justice Department and Governors of the Members State Central Banks, Committee of Governors, Technical Committee – Director of Research of Member Central Banks, technical staff of the Ministries of Finance, Trade Integration Parliamentarians, Civil Society, Regional Institutions, Private Sector, staff of WAMZ and other key stakeholders from the West African sub-region as well as representatives of multilateral financial institutions in Liberia are expected to attend the mid-year statutory meetings.The West African Monitoring Zone (WAMZ) includes member countries of the West African Monetary Institute (WAMI), the West African Monetary Agency (WAMA), the West African Institute for Financial and Economic Management (WAIFEM) and the College of Supervisors. The member countries of WAMZ are the Gambia, Guinea, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Liberia.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
KANAZAWA, Japan – Aftershocks shook a rural area of coastal central Japan today, a day after a powerful earthquake killed at least one person and injured 170 others as it toppled buildings, triggered landslides and generated a small tsunami along the coast. One of the aftershocks had a preliminary magnitude of 5.3 and struck at 7:19 a.m. Monday. Japan’s Meteorological Agency said there was no tsunami danger. “A fairly big aftershock hit just minutes ago and I jumped out the door,” said Tomio Maeda, manager of a convenience store in Anamizu town. “It’s scary; I guess it’s not over yet.” Sunday’s magnitude 6.9 quake struck off the north coast of Ishikawa, the Meteorological Agency said. The agency issued a tsunami warning urging people near the sea to move to higher land. “We are doing our best to rescue the victims,” he said. “We are also doing our best to assess the extent of the damage.” The quake knocked down at least 39 homes in Ishikawa and damaged another 143, the FDMA said. Most of the injuries and damage were concentrated in the city of Wajima, it added, about 193 miles northwest of Tokyo. Takeshi Hachimine, seismology and tsunami section chief at the Meteorological Agency, said the affected area was not considered earthquake-prone. The last major quake to cause casualties there was in 1933, when three people died. “After the powerful earthquake, aftershocks will continue,” Hachimine said. Japan sits atop four tectonic plates and is one of the world’s most earthquake-prone countries.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! A small tsunami measuring 6 inches hit the shore 36 minutes later, the agency said. The morning quake toppled buildings, triggered landslides, cut power, interfered with phone service, broke water mains and snarled public transportation. At least one person was killed and 170 others were hurt along the country’s Sea of Japan coast, according to the Fire and Disaster Management Agency. Television footage of the quake showed buildings shaking violently for about 30 seconds. Other shots showed collapsed buildings and shops with shattered windows, streets cluttered with roof tiles and roads with cracked pavement. “We felt violent shaking. My colleagues say the insides of their houses are a mess, with everything smashed on the floor,” Wataru Matsumoto, deputy mayor of the town of Anamizu, near the epicenter, told NHK. Chief Cabinet Secretary Yasuhisa Shiozaki confirmed the death of a 52-year-old woman. NHK said she was crushed by a falling stone lantern.
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORECoach Doc Rivers a “fan” from way back of Jazz’s Jordan ClarksonThese phases, developed by Dr. Gene Cohen, Director of the Center on Aging, Health & Humanities at Georgetown University, are described as a time for the “inner push,” the motivator to continue to develop ourselves. Many factors related to successful aging are working in your favor. The first is life expectancy. At the age of 53, on average, women can anticipate living another 29 years. That means at 60, you could conceivably practice for 22 years. (Men can expect to live on average another 24 years.) The probability of good health is strong. At 65, we may have two chronic conditions. The good news is those chronic conditions, such as diabetes, osteoporosis and high blood pressure, usually can be managed with drugs, exercise and even nutrition. Recent research on brain health is also encouraging. Yes, we lose brain cells as we age. The good news is that research has demonstrated that learning something new, particularly in mid- to later life, increases the number of neural connections in our brain. Additionally, research by Cohen strongly suggests that with age we tend to use both sides of our brain rather than predominantly one side or the other. Instead of being left brained or right brained we become both. Going to school is synonymous with brain health. Q uestion. I am a 53-year old woman seriously considering changing my career. I have been in the book business for 25 years and would like to become an ordained spiritual leader. If I am accepted to the program, I will complete my education at the age of 60. Does this make any sense? – K.M.B Answer: The simple answer is yes, it makes perfect sense to pursue your dream at 53. And the reasons are many. Last week’s column referred to two adult development stages that seem to fit your situation. The mid-life evaluation phase between 40 and 65 is a time of quest. And the liberation phase from the 50s to 70s is a time to experiment, take risks and realize “what’s the worst that can happen to me?” Then there is the notion of finding meaning in our lives. One of the components of successful aging developed by Dr. John Rowe and Robert Kahn, authors of “Successful Aging,” is being engaged with life. Part of that engagement is involvement with activities that are productive or meaningful. School would provide both for you. To gain another perspective, I spoke with Rolling Hills Estates resident Chaplain Judith Sommerstein, who had been a successful career counselor. She decided to give up that career to enter a rigorous educational program at the Academy for Jewish Religion in Los Angeles to pursue a career as a chaplain. Sommerstein had been involved with a religious life for years. When the opportunity was available, she knew it was for her. She commented, “Most people who make such a change feel they are being called.” That was the case for Sommerstein. One of her colleagues from another program is a 57-year old woman in her third year of seminary preparing to become an Episcopal priest. Those in Sommerstein’s class typically were in their second or third careers and between 40 and 60 years old. When I asked her what advice she would give you, she replied, “Go for it!” By returning to school with a dream and passion, you are redefining what mid-life typically means. It can be a time of re-birth, new opportunity, passion and giving back to society. And giving back is becoming a focus. Civic Ventures, a think tank and incubator in San Francisco, generates ideas and invents programs to help society achieve the greatest return on experience. The group offers the Purpose Prize to invest in older social innovators by recognizing outstanding achievement and creating a network of people using their retirement years for the greater good. Five awards of $100,000 and 10 of $10,000 are given as investments to exceptional individuals and their programs. These people “defy expectation by channeling their creativity and talent to address critical social problems at the local, regional and national levels.” For more information, go to www.purposeprize.org/purposeprize /prize_overview.cfm. K.M.B, the winds are blowing in your favor. Society is increasing its recognition and value of maturity and experience. And its belief that growth, development and giving back have no age limits. You are the epitome of the new mid-life role model. Grab that brass ring and enjoy the ride. Helen Dennis is a specialist in aging, with academic, corporate and nonprofit experience. Send her your questions and concerns in care of the Daily Breeze, 5215 Torrance Blvd., Torrance, CA 90503-4077; or fax to 310-540-7581, or e-mail to email@example.com. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
St Paul’s(Antrim ) 2-7 Moville 4-13A scintillating second half performance saw Moville minor ladies progress to the Ulster club championship semi finals where they will meet Eastern Gaels from Cavan on Sunday weekThe Antrim side were probably the better team in the first half where they had Moville pegged back in defence for prolonged periods however at the break it was Moville who went in with a point lead 2-4 to 1-6 It was all square after 10 minutes at 2 points apiece with Sarah Jane McDonald and Sinead McGuinness scoring for Moville. Niamh Adams got the opening goal of the game for St Pauls. However Moville responded in emphatic fashion with 2 fine goals from Kathy McLaughlin and Sarah Jane McDonald 2 points from Nicole McDermott completed the first half scoring for MovilleMoville came out for the second half with a new sense of urgency and had the tonic of a goal after 50 seconds from corner forward Sinead McGuinness and 5 minutes later Kathy McLaughlin bagged her second. St Pauls did pull a goal back from Dearbhaile McShane but Moville were now in command all over the pitch and some great points followed from Sarah Jane McDonald Caragh and Ashling McGuinness Balannad McLaughlin Nicole McDermot and Kathy McLaughlinManager Paul McDermott can now look forward with his backroom team to an Ulster semi final, which is scheduled for Carrick at 2pm on Sunday the 6th of December at 2pm.Moville; Maelissa Mcdermott, Emma Doherty, Niamh Cavanagh,Rachel McLaughlin, Tara Hegarty, Kathy McLaughlin, Realtain McElhinney, Sarah Jane McDonald, Blannad McLaughlin, Nicole Gordon, Nicole McDermott, Aishleen McGuinness, Sinead McGuinness, Michelle Logue, Carraigh McGuinness Subs used, Aine Bradley, Ciara Harkin, Aine Hannon, Aoibh Faulkner MOVILLE MINOR LADIES LOOK FORWARD TO ULSTER SEMI-FINAL was last modified: November 24th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegal ladiesLadies FootballMoville Minors
The national list is comprised of 30 student-athletes who are the early front-runners for college basketball’s most prestigious honor. The Wooden list is chosen by a preseason poll of national women’s college basketball media members. This is the second national watch list for Hittner, who last month was selected to the Ann Meyers Drysdale Award preseason watch list. Juicy Landrum Baylor Big 12 5-8 Sr. G Haley Gorecki Duke ACC 6-0 Sr. G Print Friendly Version Michaela Onyenwere UCLA Pac-12 6-0 Jr. F Ali Patberg Indiana Big Ten 5-11 Jr. G # indicates player selected as the 2019 Wooden Award Player of the Year Mikayla Pivec Oregon State Pac-12 5-10 Sr. G Rhyne Howard Kentucky SEC 6-2 So. G Kiana Williams Stanford Pac-12 5-8 Jr. G DiJonai Carrington Stanford Pac-12 5-11 Sr. G The preseason list represents nine conferences: the Pac-12 leads all conferences with nine selections, followed by the SEC with six, the ACC and Big 12 with four apiece, the American and Big Ten with two each, and Conference USA, Ivy League, and Missouri Valley with one selection apiece. Kaila Charles Maryland Big Ten 6-1 Sr. G Christyn Williams Connecticut American 5-11 So. G An excellent student, Hittner, who holds a 3.96 GPA in marketing, was selected to the 2019 Google Cloud (CoSIDA) Academic All-American Third Team, to the 2019 MVC Scholar-Athlete First Team and was named MVC Scholar-Athlete of the Week during the regular season. LOS ANGELES – The Los Angeles Athletic Club announced Tuesday on espnW that senior Becca Hittner (Urbandale, Iowa) of the Drake University women’s basketball team has been named to the John R. Wooden Award® presented by Wendy’s® Women’s Preseason Top 30 Watch List. Hittner and her teammates open the 2019-20 season Friday at the Knapp Center against 2019 Sweet 16 participant, South Dakota State.John R. Wooden Award Presented by Wendy’s 2019-20 Preseason Top 30 Last season, Hittner, who helped lead Drake to its third-straight NCAA Tournament, was a WBCA All-America nominee. She is the back-to-back Jackie Stiles Missouri Valley Conference Player of the Year, and has led the MVC in scoring each of the past two seasons, including a career-high 19.7 points per game in 2018-19. Her name was among the MVC leaders in several other statistical categories, including three-point percentage (40.4, 4th), field goal percentage (46.9, 7th), free throw percentage (82.1, 6th) and rebounding (5.2, 15th). Hittner recorded a league-best 15 20-point plus scoring games, a league-high four 30-point plus scoring games and scored in double digits in 32-of-34 games. She was named to the All-MVC First Team for the third-consecutive season. Hittner made 76 three-pointers, which tied for fifth most in a season in school history. Kiah Gillespie Florida State ACC 6-2 Jr. F Sabrina Ionescu# Oregon Pac-12 5-11 Sr. G Dana Evans Louisville ACC 5-6 Jr. G Satou Sabally Oregon Pac-12 6-4 Jr. F Chennedy Carter Texas A&M SEC 5-7 Jr. G Peyton Williams Kansas State Big 12 6-4 Sr. F Crystal Dangerfield Connecticut American 5-5 Sr. G Tyasha Harris South Carolina SEC 5-10 Sr. G Ayana Mitchell LSU SEC 6-0 Sr. F DiDi Richards Baylor Big 12 6-1 Jr. G Beatrice Mompremier Miami ACC 6-4 Sr. F Erica Ogwumike Rice Conference USA 5-9 Sr. G Lauren Cox Baylor Big 12 6-4 Sr. F Chelsea Dungee Arkansas SEC 5-11 Jr. G Her 1,565 career points are accompanied by 98 steals, 188 three-pointers, 221 assists and 503 rebounds while shooting a program-leading 44.2 percent from three (leads all active NCAA players), 48.7 percent from the floor and 83.5 percent from the free throw line (3rd all-time at Drake). Her points total and career scoring average of 16.1 rank 17th and seventh, respectively, going into her final season. Becca Hittner Drake Missouri Valley 6-0 Sr. G Name School Conference Height Class Position Destiny Slocum Oregon State Pac-12 5-7 Jr. G Rennia Davis Tennessee SEC 6-2 Jr. G/F Bella Alarie Princeton Ivy League 6-4 Sr. G/F Ruthy Hebard Oregon Pac-12 6-4 Sr. F Aari McDonald Arizona Pac-12 5-6 Jr. G The players on the list are considered strong candidates for the 2020 John R. Wooden Award Women’s Player of the Year presented by Wendy’s. Players not chosen to the preseason list are still eligible for the Wooden Award™ midseason list, late season list, and the National Ballot. The National Ballot consists of 15 top players who have proven to their universities that they meet or exceed the qualifications of the Wooden Award. Nearly 1,000 voters will rank in order 10 of those 15 players when voting opens prior to the NCAA Tournament and will allow voters to take into consideration performance during early round games. The Wooden Award All American Team™ will be announced the week of the “Elite Eight” round of the NCAA Tournament. The winner of the 2020 John R. Wooden Award will be presented by Wendy’s during the ESPN College Basketball Awards on Friday, April 10, 2020.
LEE McMonagle hit two goals as county champions St Eunan’s eased past Glenswilly and into the semi-finals of the Donegal Senior Football Championships at Mac Cumhaill Park this evening.John Haran rolled back the years once again as the black-and-amber put in a team performance to see off the challenge of the 2013 champions by a winning margin of eight points.The return of Eunan’s talisman Rory Kavanagh from America coupled with some superb individual performances throughout the team gave St Eunan’s a 3-07 to 0-08 win. McMonagle’s first half penalty and a second goal in the 50th minute – five minutes after Conal Dunne netted – proved the difference in the game.Dunne and McMonagle were excellent for Eunan’s.Glenswilly had led by two points in the early stages, but Eunan’s soon caught up and never looked back and led at the break 1-04 to 0-05.Kavanagh was sent off ten minutes from the end – for a second yellow – after an incident in which Glenswilly’s Brian Farley was given a straight red card. Michael Murphy and Neil Gallagher pushed for goals towards the end, but Maxi Curran’s team stood tall.Haran – man of the match in last year’s final against the same opposition – hit St Eunan’s final point as Glenswilly continued to give him acres of space. CLASSY ST EUNAN’S DISPOSE OF GLENSWILLY IN SENIOR CHAMPIONSHIP was last modified: September 13th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:county championsdonegalglenswillySt Eunans
Reprinted with permission from Construct Ireland magazine.Some of the estimates of the numbers of empty houses in Ireland are frightening. The RIAI [Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland] reported last year that the figure could be anything up to 352,000. With so many resources invested in the existing housing stock, and with the banking system still dysfunctional, we’re unlikely to see any recovery in new build for some time.We now know too that large swathes of the housing stock built in the last decade is of very poor quality. If there’s going to be any revival in the building industry in Ireland, retrofitting is going to form a big part of its future. TomÃ¡s O’Leary of MosArt looks at it from another angle: “The existing housing stock is the elephant in the room as far as energy consumption worldwide is concerned.” Is it more practical to tear the house down?The question thrown up by the Monkstown project centres on resources. Are greater levels of waste – even if it’s properly processed – an acceptable by-product of achieving airtightness? “I think we’re in the infancy of trying to understand the impact of going either way – greater retention of materials or higher standards,” says Little. “But I would be suspicious of an argument that said knock everything, just start new each time.”TomÃ¡s O’Leary agrees. “We often have clients who want to hang on to the shell of their house. They’re emotional about it. It’s all stripped back down to the bare walls and in truth in some cases, it might be more practical and easier to tear it down and start again, but there is a whole question about resources and where does the waste go? So there’s a broader sustainability question that needs to be tackled on that,” he says.O’Leary believes that larger schemes provide the perfect application for EnerPHit. “I think what it’s ideally suited to is local authority, low income housing units, especially those in poor condition. You can picture them; they’ve got single glazing, they’ve got old heating systems, they’ve got no insulation. I’d be anxious that this isn’t just for those who can afford to upgrade their private home. We should be looking at the larger projects, when there is a lot of fuel poverty. That’s the direction I’d like to see government policy take.” Reducing thermal bridging and tightening up the envelopeOn the ground, architects and engineers all say the same thing when it comes to passive house refurbishments. Airtightness and thermal bridges represent the biggest challenges. “I’d say the trickiest detail for the majority of EnerPHit projects is airtightness in general,” says Cathal O’Leary of OLS architects in Wexford, “and in particular around the eaves detail, where you’ve got an existing cut roof or prefabricated roof truss sitting on an existing cavity wall.” With their first EnerPHit project currently at the design stage, OLS are in the process of researching the best way of achieving airtightness.Installing a continuous insulated envelope is much more difficult on retrofit. With cavity walls or block walls descending all the way to the foundations, thermal bridges cannot be designed out as they can on a passive new build. “It is tough to achieve,” says TomÃ¡s O’Leary. “Lets say your typical bungalow might have a footpath going round it on the outside, what you’re talking about to create a thermal bridge free connection is taking up that footpath or digging away the soil and running the insulation right down to the foundation. Those are the kinds of lengths that you’d often need to go to.” The Passivhaus Institut introduces a retrofit standardThe Passive House Institute has been working on a way of dealing with this elephant for the past number of years. Finally, at last year’s Passive House Conference, founder of the institute, Dr. Wolfgang Feist, launched EnerPHit, a passive house certificate for the modernization of old buildings. Speaking at the launch, Dr Feist pointed out that the energy consumption of old buildings can’t usually be brought to the level of new build passive house standard, because among other things, some unavoidable thermal bridges remain. “But the same components as for new passive house buildings can be used, and the building substance can thus be protected and sustainability can be improved significantly. In numerous projects, a reduction of 90% in the heating demand could be achieved.” As Feist implies, the institute recognizes the multiplicity of building forms faced by retrofitters and as a result has stitched a significant level of flexibility into the EnerPHit standard. The thresholds are looser, and nor are there as many of them. Moreover, a form of certification is achievable even if these minimum values are not.“EnerPHit reflects the fact that when you’re retrofitting, the challenges are much greater,” says TomÃ¡s O’Leary. “With new build passive house, the space heat demand is 15 kw/m2/yr. It’s 25 kw/m2/yr for EnerPHit.” The other key parameter is airtightness. The 0.6 air changes per hour required by passive new build is retained as a target only, with a rate of under one deemed satisfactory for refurbishment.Those figures, O’Leary is keen to point out, are not plucked from the air, and nor are they solely arrived at through building physics. The pilot program undertaken prior to the launch of EnerPHit included extensive economic modeling which fed into the designation of the thresholds. The Value of a Passive Retrofit In the pilot phase of EnerPHit, the Passive House Institute carried out a number of case studies, which incorporated economic modeling on the impact of specific energy retrofit measures. One such case, the refurbishment of a commercial building in Germany, saw the heat load drop from 200 kWh/m2a to 26 kWh/m2a. While it doesn’t quite meet the EnerPHit threshold of 25 kWh/m2a, the refurbishment nonetheless saw an 85% improvement in the building’s energy performance. The Institute went on to demonstrate the value of each element of the refurb. As you would expect, the building measures (as opposed to the renewable technologies) turned out to be the most cost-effective. Taking the cost of 1 kWh as produced by fossil fuels at a very conservative 5c, they found that it took only 1.7c of spend on wall insulation to save the cost of that kWh. Each 2c spent on roof insulation saved one kWh, while the equivalent figures for floor insulation and thermal bridges were 2.6c and 4.5c respectively. Two choices: a full EnerPHit or a partial EnerPHitWhile the 25 kWh/m2/a represents a relaxation from the new build standard, it’s still a very ambitious target for retrofit and won’t be achievable in all circumstances. EnerPHit certification is still possible however through the use of what the PHI call “passive-house-suitable components.”“There’s a full EnerPHit and there’s a partial EnerPHit.” TomÃ¡s O’Leary explains. “The idea basically is to encourage people to do the very, very best that they can whenever they’re doing any work on a building. Let’s say your budget is limited and you want to do a big job on a project. Rather than putting in Mickey Mouse windows and Mickey Mouse insulation, you concentrate on one particular area or element of the build. The philosophy is: spend all your budget on one or the other and do the best that you can, because in time you might get more funds and you can do the other elements.” This approach is exemplified in the Ballynagran case study accompanying this article. With a budget of just under â‚¬60,000, MosArt zoned in a particular area of the school and achieved a great deal more than had they deployed the budget across the entire school. The official PHI documentation puts it like this: “The measures should be carried out in consultation with the certifier in such a way that maximum energy efficiency can be achieved, provided that, for the duration of their life cycle, the measures result in a financial net profit under the normally expected boundary conditions for the building owner and users collectively.”In order to maintain the integrity of the standard, any partial certification will state exactly what measures were undertaken and how these measures impact the energy performance of the building. “The client must appreciate,” says O’Leary, “that they can’t go round claiming that it’s a passive house if they’ve gone the partial route, but they can be very proud of themselves knowing that they’ve done a world class upgrade on those particular elements.” In praise of PHPPIn choosing how to spend the budget on a passive retrofit, PHPP, the passive house software, becomes a very powerful design tool. In their EnerPHit project in Monkstown, Brendan O’Connor of Joseph Little Architects says that the software was first used to see if the EnerPHit standard could be reached and where the design was falling short. “It gave us a template for changes from an earlier specification. There are often compromises with existing buildings; the key thing is to know their significance. For instance we thought thermal bridging through internal masonry walls bypassing new insulated floors would be problematic, but thermal bridge analysis of our details and inputs into PHPP proved the additional heat loss would be insignificant.”The Monkstown retrofit began life as a low carbon project that morphed into EnerPHit after the Low Carbon Homes scheme became defunct. The transition from one design approach to another was revealing. The embodied energy of measures taken undoubtedly crept up, but the change forced greater uniformity in insulation, better control of thermal bridging and a big improvement in airtightness. In order to achieve a punishing airtightness target, there’s a natural tendency to strip the existing building right down, especially if airtightness was the bugbear of previous low energy retrofits. “We felt we almost needed to overdo the strip-out to reach the standard,” says Joseph Little. He accepts that there may come a tipping point where you ask, is it better to raze the building completely and start again?“The Passive House Institute created EnerPHit because the Passivhaus Standard is so much harder to achieve in retrofit,” says Little. “We had a very interesting discussion with them about the Monkstown project relating to what level of strip-out can still qualify for EnerPHit and what level is virtually new-build, and therefore should achieve the higher standard. It’s much easier to achieve really high levels of thermal performance with new build. It’s a clean slate and so much more controllable.” Construct Ireland, known as “the sustainable building magazine,” has been published in County Dublin, Ireland, since January 2003.